The question keeps coming up in the SL Forum, what is a mesh body and why won’t my clothes show? I am so confused… Yeah, I can see how that would happen. So, I need something I can link them to. This is the ‘something’. I’ve tried to keep it simple for noobs without 3D modeling experience.
To understand Classic and Mesh avatars one has to understand Second Life™ has a history and understand some of the basics of 3D modeling.
SL Started in 2003, 2004 depending on what you define as ‘starting’. It started with a basic avatar that evolved over time. That is the Classic avatar. It is still with us.
If you take off everything your avatar is wearing that you can take off, you are looking at the Classic avatar. You can click the top menu Developer (press Ctrl-Alt-Q to reveal the menu item if it isn’t showing)->Avatar->Character Tests->Test Male/Female. This will set your avatar to the very basic (Classic) default-test avatar known as Ruth or Roth.
If you press Ctrl-Shift-T, you can see that everything in SL is mesh (wireframe image above). What may not be obvious is the things we call primitives or prims, for short, are mesh too. These are things like the classic avatar, cubes, cones, spheres, etc. The mesh part, or list of vertices/polygons, of these prims are built into the viewer and are part of what you downloaded when you installed the viewer.
These are parametric primitives. This means that all the cube-prims in SL use the same mesh which is built into the viewer. The different sizes and colors of all the cubes are controlled by parameters. Only the parameters are downloaded when your viewer needs to render a cube. This process was created when the Internet was SLOW to allow better performance. Building them into the viewer saves downloading lists of vertices.
For avatars, the built-in mesh was personalized by what we call SHAPE. An SL shape is a set of parameters for the face, body, feet, etc.
There are some milestone points for changes in the SL system. Understanding those helps one understand the avatar we have today. It also helps when you have to figure out which tutorial is useful and currently meaningful.
A big change was the addition of a new prim we call ‘mesh’ in 2013. This can be confusing as everything in SL is mesh, a group of polygons. A ‘mesh’ prim is a prim that does NOT have its set of vertices/polygons built into the viewer. The list of polygons making up the ‘mesh’ item is downloaded from the asset servers as needed.
We can build those vertex/polygon lists using 3D modeling programs like Blender.
Once the feature was added to SL people begin making mesh clothes. A significant problem of the era was the Appearance Sliders used to make an avatar shape did not affect the mesh clothes, just the avatar body. Finding clothes that fit was a headache. The solution was what we call Standard Sizes. Clothes were made to a standard set of sizes. If you set your avatar to one of the 5 standard sizes the clothes would fit, mostly.
The next milestone was the creation of Fitted Mesh, added about 2014. Clothes could be made as Fitted Mesh and the shape sliders would change the size of the fitted mesh clothes. It became much easier to make clothes that actually fit. But, it was still a headache, just a smaller headache.
Fitted mesh clothes just didn’t fit Classic avatars all that well. Because of technical complications, the avatar shape and fitted mesh clothes’ sizes grew and shrank at different rates when the Shape Sliders were changed. If you wanted a fat or skinny avatar, it was almost impossible to find clothes that fit. One had to stay in the middle ranges of size for a good fit.
In 2015 and 2016 creative people made fitted mesh bodies that were the same type of mesh as fitted mesh clothes. So, they both responded to the shape sliders at the same rate. This means the same clothing item for a skinny avatar, average avatar, or fat avatar pretty much fits. Thus, the popularity of fitted mesh bodies… plus a number of other technical factors and better looks.
A fitted mesh body, hands, feet, and head are all mesh primitives used as attachments to the Classic avatar. They cover the Classic avatar body. They hide the Classic body.
Because a mesh body fits the classic body so closely, like a second skin so to speak, the classic body tends to poke through. The solution is to wear and Alpha Layer on the classic body, which makes the classic body invisible.
System Clothes vs Mesh Clothes
The viewer’s built-in shirt, pants, underwear, and other layers are called System or Classic Clothes. In inventory, they have unique icons denoting shirts, pants, etc. They are for the Classic body. These are all hidden by a mesh body or clothes and the alpha layer.
A skin can be made for the Classic avatar as a System skin using GIMP/Photoshop and the built-in viewer tools. These are pretty much decals stuck on the Classic avatar body.
When you wear a fitted mesh body you need an Applier, a HUD, to ‘apply’ the skin to the fitted mesh body attachment. So, using GIMP/Photoshop and an Applier you can make a skin or clothes for a mesh body. There are no built-in viewer tools to make those skins and clothes.
In inventory these ‘mesh’ items are all represented by the cube icon used for objects, basically, user made things.
Fitted Mesh clothes do not have to have the same form as the body. They are not a decal. They are an attachment with a unique form. These clothes can often be worn with a Classic body, but usually fit poorly. To get a good-mesh-clothes-fit on a classic body one uses the standard sizes for clothes and avatar.
Because of the rate mesh changes in regard to the Appearance Shape Sliders, it is common for clothes to be made for a specific brand of mesh bodies. Most clothes are sold with multiple versions for different bodies. Wearing clothes made for a Maitreya body on a Slink body doesn’t work well.
For different activities in SL, people prefer different avatars, Classic or Mesh.
For various reasons, people mixed Classic and Mesh. For a time, I wore a Classic head and body with mesh hands and feet. Then I moved to add a mesh body I liked, with mesh hands and feet. I’ve kept my Classic head. But, I am looking at Mesh Heads. I changed to a mesh body to have a big choice of clothes and to look better.
I have outfits for Classic and Mesh bodies. I tend to prefer Mesh bodes and clothes these days. I am slowly throwing away my classic outfits.
In 2016 the Classic avatar built into the viewer changed. Linden Lab places a high priority on maintaining legacy compatibility. So, changes are somewhat restricted. However, Bento adds to the Classic avatar while retaining all the parts of the previous avatar.
Bento added bones to allow us to animate more of the avatar body. Prior to Bento fingers could not be animated. Nor could faces. All Classic facial expressions are built into the viewer. The built-in expressions (morphs) are not the same type of animation possible with Bento.
Bento allows us to add wings, tail, head, and ears that we can animate. We are no longer restricted to the built-in expressions.
So, fitted mesh built to use the new Bento bones is labeled ‘Bento’. So, heads and hands are the current big upgrades to appearance (2017).
Super summary and timely ty!
Thanks for saying
Thank you so much! I made my “classic” avatar in 2007 and coming back in SL today I found all the differences! I do like my classic body, mostly cus I haven’t seen really cool stuff being sold around, during the boost years 2008-9 I have purchased, made, collected tons of stuff that I am so glad to have right now. Lots of scripts don’t work anymore tho, so I was looking around to understand what changed inworld. Thanks for this post makes everything clearer…. not sure I’ll go Mesh but at least I know there’s the option 😉
Welcome and thanks for the kind words.
Going to mesh really changes how you dress, shop, use the avatar… it is a big change. But WOW, the avatar looks SOOOO MUUUCH better and animates better.
I spent a lot of time getting my ‘look’ before mesh. I like it and really didn’t want to change it. So, I spent time making my mesh body look like my classic body. I pretty much achieved that. I can wear either and most people would have to look close to tell which I am wearing. Using the mesh body was mostly about being able to wear mesh clothes and have them fit without a lot of shape changing.
Now I’m looking for a mesh head that allows me to have it look as close to my classic head as I can. I want the animation features and the advanced makeup features. Did you know you can replace your teeth and tongue? Makes for great costumes. :))
Best explanation I’ve found so far! I came back to SL after years away and the whole place is crazy about mesh. However I like the way I look, and demos changed my look significantly. I think I will do like you, have a mix of classic and mesh items to mix and match.
Thank you so much this was super helpful!
Thanks so much for this; its as if I’d personally asked you to define the whole “Mesh” topic (which I have been studiously ignoring for years). A concise and clear explanation of the topic and its history. There’s a chance I might actually evolve now.
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Super helpful, as always, Nat. Thanks so much for taking the time and research effort to put this together, much appreciated.
Thanks for the kind words…
I would like to understand this development, coming back to SL after 4 years. I’m not stupid, but you entirely lost me here. Surely there is a simple answer without hundreds of words of jargon? Why does everyone look different now, and how to join?
I can’t make the explanation any simpler. If the article is over your head, you need to find someone that can do a better job of simplifying. Try the SL forum.
Join? Try SecondLife.com…
Hello, thank you for this article! I am a returning player from long past who DOES have experience in 3D modeling, specifically in Blender, and I was hoping you might be able to provide additional insight on a couple of small questions I still have after reading this article (which was very informative and appreciated, by the way).
1.) Now that fitted mesh clothing is a thing, how do we make a mesh object we made in Blender and imported as a DAE to Second Life into a fitted mesh object that will respond to the shape sliders in-game?
2.) Is there somewhere that we can get the Bento armature to use as a skeleton for avatars we make in Blender or other programs, to take advantage of the new animation capabilities?
If you are unable to answer, I completely understand, but with just these two last pieces of knowledge, I can begin creating in-game content again, and it’s frustrating having that so-close-yet-so-far feeling, LOL. Thanks in advance for any help with those questions, and again, thank you for this wonderful article.
1 & 2 -Making ‘Fitted’ mesh – To have mesh clothes work with the shape sliders rig to the collision bones. The simple way to sort this out and reduce the learning curve is to get AvaStar (US$27±). Jump over to Vimeo and look for Gaia Clary’s or AvaStar videos. They will explain the rigging. Machinimatrix.org provides a ‘workbench’ model of the SL avatar with all the fitted and bento bones. They is also an AvaStar ‘manual’.
There is another model in the SL wiki in the Bento information. However, AvaStar provides the IK handles and other extra armature features used in animation.
AvaStar also handles some of the oddities in modeling clothes for Second Life avatars. I recommend it as a huge time saver. It also provides a reasonably accurate set of shape sliders for Blender. If you dig through my AvaStar articles you’ll find most body makers in SL provide Dev Kits for their bodies. The trick to well-fitting clothes with minimal poke-through is having the same weighting in clothes as is used for the body.
On the Maya side, there is a program addon similar to AvaStar called MayaStar.
Thank you for this summary. I was out of SL since 2011 or so and I came back to this confusion. I’m glad you cleared it up. I am still so very attached to the “me” I spent years creating back in 08-12 that I will have a hard time changing it up but I will try.
I spent 2 or 3 months looking, and I am still looking, at demo mesh heads to find something similar to my classic look. The body, hands, feet were easy. It can be done. Just hang in there.
I recently came back to SL (12 year resident) after a year on holiday. When I saw mesh bodies, of course, IO had to keep up, right? I purchased a mesh body form Belezza, a mesh head from Bento, then an entire other body, head, hands, and feet, from Signature Geralt.
Bottom line for me: My classic avatar and skin actually look very close to these new mesh male bodies. After about 3 weeks of aggravating delays in rezzing at different sites, I went back to my old avatar. Until creators can make a mesh less complex, or SL upgrades to handle the extra complexity of mesh body parts, I will stick with my bellezza body and skins.
“A mesh head from Bento..”
“Bento” doesnt make heads.
“Until creators can make a mesh body less complex…I’ll stick with my bellezza body and skins.”
This is so contradictory it makes no sense at all. Bellezza bodies ARE mesh.
is there any way to get a maitreya lara body to wear classic clothes? after a few years of using a classic body and making hundreds of clothing items, i now have the lara and want to use my old clothes on it. please explain in a clear and elementary way for noobs. thank you.
This is a request best made in the SL Forum section Answers.
There are a number of “it depends” criteria that determine if it is possible or not. In general, it hasn’t been. With the new BoM feature, it opens the possibility to use old system/classic clothes on mesh bodies.